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肯尼亚电子垃圾堆积成山,废物回收刻不容缓

来源:非洲华侨周报 作者:admin 人气: 发布时间:2017-12-31
摘要:肯尼亚每年产生11400吨废旧冰箱、2800吨电视机、2500吨个人电脑、500吨打印机和150吨移动电话。如何处理电子垃圾令肯尼亚各地方政府很头疼。
 
 
肯尼亚每年产生11400吨废旧冰箱、2800吨电视机、2500吨个人电脑、500吨打印机和150吨移动电话。如何处理电子垃圾令肯尼亚各地方政府很头疼。
 
有郡官员将电子垃圾的增多归咎于廉价商品进口、电子政务的实施和越来越多的高等院校配备了电子设备。在基西郡,肯尼亚政府最近与基西大学和电子垃圾管理咨询公司EARC联合建立了一个电子垃圾收集中心,促进电子垃圾回收。
 
基西郡环境主任亚历山大·奥博查(Alexander Obwocha)说,基西郡有10多所大学,电子产品的数量每天都在增加,电子垃圾管理负担加重,而收集中心还没有得到很好的利用。奥博查说,废物管理,特别是电子垃圾的管理,是一个全国性的问题。人们仍然把家庭垃圾和电子垃圾混在一起,说服人们将两者分开处理是一项挑战。
 
EARC公司董事维姬·昂德里(Vicky Onderi)说,电子垃圾收集项目旨在保持环境清洁,创造可持续的生计。公司目前还没有确定基西郡电子垃圾的数量,但电子垃圾的处理问题不容忽视,否则数以万吨的电子垃圾将对环境和健康造成严重影响。
 
联合国区域环境主任朱丽叶·比昂(Julliet Biao)说,在非洲,电子废物的回收是由非正规和无组织的部门进行的。这些部门使用诸如燃烧等不当技术来回收金属,释放出有毒烟雾。在垃圾填埋场或不恰当的回收利用过程中,电子垃圾对人类健康和环境构成了严重危害。比昂表示,尤其令人关注的是在低温下燃烧溴化阻燃剂,这种做法可能会产生一种叫做多溴二苯并二恶英(PBDDs)和多溴代二苯并呋喃(PBDFs)的剧毒化学物。
 
基苏木、基西、尼亚米拉和霍马湾郡的代表于近日集中讨论了废物处理问题,制定了一个联合方案。同时他们认为,适当的废物管理是吸引投资者的一种方式。该四个郡在努力应对废物管理挑战,今后将与国家环境管理局(Nema)协调其废物处理工作。
 
国家环境管理局迄今已向两个回收中心和一个废旧荧光灯泡处理机构颁发了许可证。该局首席环境官罗伯特·奥里纳(Robert Orina)说,除了固体垃圾外,水源污染对环境也构成了重大威胁。洗车业是主要的水污染源,国家环境管理局正在寻找长期的解决办法。
 
 
E-waste adds to mountain of problems counties face
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 2017
https://www.businessdailyafrica.com/economy/E-waste-adds-to-mountain-of-problems-counties-face/3946234-4239958-ya6uwrz/index.html
 
Electronic waste disposal is the latest headache to counties, which are already grappling with poor refuse collection and dumping.
 
County officials blame cheaper imports and launch of e-government services as factors contributing to huge chunks of e-waste.
 
The increasing number of higher learning institutions, all equipped with electronics, is yet another factor.
 
In Kisii, the county government recently launched a joint programme with Kisii University and the East African Compliance Recycling (EARC) to establish an e-waste collection centre.

Noble idea
But the devolved unit is still overwhelmed with waste, making the centre’s launch a noble idea which needs expansion.
 
Kisii County director of environment Alexander Obwocha said waste management, especially electronic waste, is a national problem.
 
“In addition to that, the collection centre is yet to be well utilised as people still mix up household and electronic waste,” Mr Obwocha said.
 
“With over 10 university campuses in the county, the number of electronic gadgets continues to rise each day, increasing the burden of e-waste,” Mr Obwocha said.
 
He said it has been a challenge convincing people to separate household waste from electronic waste.
 
Kenya churns out 11,400 tonnes of old refrigerators, 2,800 tonnes of TVs, 2,500 tonnes of personal computers, 500 tonnes of printers and 150 tonnes of mobile phones every year.
 
Sustainable livelihood
Vicky Onderi, a director at EARC, a consultancy firm on e-waste management, said the project also aims at keeping the environment clean and creating a sustainable livelihood.
 
“The quantity of waste in tonnes cannot be ignored, lest we get serious environmental and health impacts. We are yet to determine the quantity of e-waste in Kisii County,” she added.
 
The National Environment Management Authority (Nema) has so far licensed two recycling centres, and one facility to handle old fluorescent bulbs.  
 
UN regional environmental director Julliet Biao said e-waste poses a serious hazard to human health and the environment when dumped in landfills or improperly recycled.
 
She said that in Africa, e-waste recycling is performed by the informal and unorganised sector that uses improper techniques such as burning to recover metals. This emits toxic fumes.
 
“Of particular concern is the burning of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) at low temperatures, as this may lead to generation of extremely toxic chemicals called polybrominated dibenzodioxins (PBDDs) and furans (PBDFs),” said Ms Biao.
 
On Tuesday, the four counties of Kisii, Kisumu, Nyamira and Homa Bay pored over the problem of waste disposal. The officials agreed on a joint programme.
 
Kisumu, Kisii, Nyamira and Homa Bay Counties — which have all been grappling with waste management challenges — will henceforth coordinate their waste disposal with the National Environmental Authority.
 
County representatives from the four regions, under the Lake Victoria Basin, met for a day-long workshop at Zonic Hotel in Kisii town where they admitted that proper waste management could be one way of attracting investors.
 
Car washing sites
Kisii county director of environment Alexander Obwocha said they would soon have a new machine to clean water at car washing sites.
 
“The machine will separate soap and oil from the water in major rivers,” he said.
Nema chief environment officer Robert Orina said besides disposal of solid waste in undesignated areas, pollution of water sources poses a major threat to the environment.
 
“Car washing business is a major water pollutant. We are looking for long-term solutions that will seek behavioural change among people living and working near water sources,” he said.
 
“The Kachok dumpsite is still a major problem but stakeholders are addressing the issue,” said Kisumu environment officer Osiemo Ngira.
 
Besides lack of a designated waste disposal site, and car washing menace, disposal of illicit brew in River Kisat is polluting Lake Victoria.
 
Homa Bay County lacks a designated dumpsite, with County director of environment John Maniafu decrying the huge volume of solid waste.
 
“We are working to acquire a site. This is a challenge because no one wants a dumpsite near their vicinity,” he said.
 
Nyamira County is also grappling with waste water disposal and transportation of effluent to a sewage plant in Suneka, Kisii County.
 
Ms Fanice Mose, the county’s director for administration of the environment, said they were working on a long-term solution.
责任编辑:刘娅婷

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