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豫见 赞比亚 (26)名家讲堂之:抗艾、防疟及摄影构图

来源:非洲华侨周报 作者:中国援赞比亚第21批医 人气: 发布时间:2019-04-18
摘要:艾滋病的发病率在赞比亚高达20%以上,这就意味着在我们援赞的医疗工作中不可避免的会经常接触艾滋病患者。


艾滋病的皮肤表现

第21批援赞医疗队第十二次名家讲堂

艾滋病的皮肤表现
讲者 赵会亮主任 郑州市中心医院

      艾滋病的发病率在赞比亚高达20%以上,这就意味着在我们援赞的医疗工作中不可避免的会经常接触艾滋病患者。如果能做到早发现、早治疗,不管是对我们队员的防护,还是对患者的治疗效果都有很大的帮助。而艾滋病的皮肤表现往往是我们最先看到的,如果能加强对皮肤表现的学习,可以很好的提高我们早期诊断艾滋病毒能力。
      因此,2019年4月14日晚自习上,医疗队请来了郑州市中心医院皮肤科的赵会亮主任为大家讲解艾滋病的皮肤表现。
       赵主任分别从非特异性皮肤损害,感染性皮肤损害、治疗带来的问题和肿瘤四个方面介绍了艾滋病的皮肤表现。并总结了艾滋病皮肤表现的三个特点:1.症状重,2.顽固,治疗抵抗,3.抗Hiv治疗有助于恢复。赵主任生动讲解的同时还为大家展示了大量典型病例的照片,这些照片每一张都是那么的触目惊心,让人过目难忘!

The 12tht Enlightening Lecture of the 21st China Medical Team to Zambia

---- the Dermatological Manifestation of AIDS
The occurrence of AIDS in Zambia is up to 20% in Zambia, which means as we are working there, we are inevitably in contact with AIDS patients. If we could ensure an early discovery and early treatment, it will be a great help to both the members of the team, and the patients themselves. Since the dermatological manifestation appear before of all other symptoms, if we could learn about it, we can equip ourselves of the ability to diagnosis ADIS even from the early stage.
On April the 14th, we have invited Dr. Zhao Huiliang from the Department of Dermatology from Zhengzhou Central Hospital to give us a lecture on the Dermatological Manifestation of AIDS.
Dr. Zhao has introduced the dermatological manifestation of AIDS from four aspects: non-specific skin lesions, infectious skin lesions, the problems with treatment and tumors. Also, he concludes three characteristics: 1. Severe symptoms; 2. Stubbornness of the disease; 3. Anti-HIV treatment is good to recovery. Apart from the vivid analysis, Dr. Zhao has also provided us with many pictures with typical cases, all of which are so shocking and impressive.

      讨论环节中,大家争先恐后的向赵主任提出了很多临床工作中遇到的实际问题,如梅毒抗体假阳性的问题,结核病的皮肤表现特点等。赵主任都给予了详细的解答。

      赵老师的讲座是我们对艾滋病的皮肤表现有了最直观的认识,特别是那些看一眼一辈子都不会忘的典型病例图片已经印在了我们的心中。在援赞的工作中如果遇到有类似皮肤表现的患者,我们一眼就认看出来,从而做到早诊断、早治疗,不仅有利于提高患者的治疗效果,也有利于我们早期做好防护。
During discussion, a lot of questions are raised, such as the question of false positive syphilis antibody, the dermatological manifestation of tuberculosis, etc, which we may have seen in clinical work. And Dr. Zhao has given detailed explanations to every one’s questions present.
This lecture given by Dr. Zhao offers us some of the most basic understanding of the dermatological manifestation of AIDS, especially those pictures that would never be forgotten by anyone who take an eye on them. In the future, while we are working in Zambia, we can easily identify patients with similar manifestations, so as to make early diagnosis, early treatment. This will not only increase the effects of the treatment, but also help us make proper prevention against AIDS.

 恶性疟疾的防治

 
第21批援赞医疗队第十二次名家讲堂

疟疾的防治
讲者 李三景主任 河南省传染病医院

      疟疾是赞比亚发病率最高的传染病,也是离队员们最近的传染病,每个人都有被感染的可能,所以学好疟疾的防治至关重要。
      2019年4月16日晚自习上,来自河南省传染病医院的李三景主任为大家带来了一堂关于疟疾防治的精彩而实用的讲座。
The 13tht Enlightening Lecture of the 21st China Medical Team to Zambia
---- The Prevention of Malaria
Malaria has the highest risk of morbidity in Zambia, it is the closest infectious disease our team members can get to, and everyone has the possibility of getting infected with it, so it is of great importance that we learn about its prevention.
On the night of April 16th, 2019, Dr. Li Jingsan, from Henan Hospital of Infectious Diseases, gives us a wonderful and practical lecture on the prevention of malaria.
      李主任从疟疾的发病率、传染源、传播途径等流行病学问题讲到发病机制、临床表现,最后详细讲述了疟疾的诊断、治疗方法及预后。让大家对疟疾有了一个全面的了解。李主任反复强调疟疾是“可防可治”的,做好防护,降低感染率是基础;而早诊断、早治疗是取得良好疗效的关键。李主任根据她丰富的临床经验建议队员们如果出现乏力、头痛、肌肉酸痛等症状,即使检测结果阴性,也要高度怀疑感染疟疾,及时给予治疗,以免发展成重症,危机生命。
From morbidity, source of infection, transmission and other problems related with epidemics, to the pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of malaria, Dr. Li has given us a detailed deion on the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the disease. Everyone has got a comprehensive understanding about malaria. Dr. Li stresses repeatedly that malaria is “preventable and curable”, the basics is to make good protection and reduce the chance of infection; while the key is early diagnosis, and early treatment. With her rich experience, Dr. Li suggests that once the symptoms like lack of energy, headache, soreness of muscle occur, even the test result turns out to be negative, we should highly suspect an infection of malaria, and receive proper treatment, so that it won’t develop into a critical condition and threaten our lives.
       李主任的讲座解除了队员们心中很多的困惑,也引起了大家极大的兴趣。所以大家在献上热烈的掌声和由衷的感谢的同时,也提出了很多的问题:如何早期判断患者是否会发展为重症,重症患者治疗中激素的应用方法,儿童疟疾的用药剂量…… 李主任都给予了详细的解答。
       李主任几十年的临床经验不可能在一两个小时内全部传授给队员们,所以她表示在援赞期间如果队员们遇到疟疾相关问题时,欢迎随时微信联系她远程会诊,她虽然不能和队员们一起身赴非洲,但也希望能为援非事业贡献自己的一份力量!
This lecture has eased a lot of confusions from our team members, and aroused great interest from all of us. As we applaud and express our gratitude to Dr. Li, many questions are raised, such as how to diagnose if a patient would develop into critical condition, the application of hormone on patients, the proper dosage of medicine on children... Dr. Li has answered all the questions explicitly.
Although Dr. Li can’t share all her clinical experience accumulated throughout the years to us within two hours, she makes it clear that whenever our team members confront with any questions related with malaria, she is willing to offer consultation through wechat. She couldn’t accompany us to Africa, nevertheless, she would like to contribute her own effort to the same cause with our China Medical Team!

再谈摄影

 
第21批援赞医疗队第十四次名家讲堂

再谈摄影
讲者 刘予平总编 郑州市电视台

     医疗队已经开展了两次摄影技术讲座,队员们对摄影技术也有了一定的了解,但在构图方面还有所不足。为了提高大家的摄影水平,更好的记录援赞工作和生活,2019年4月17日晚自习,队委特意请来了郑州市电视台总编、摄影家刘予平老师为大家讲解摄影构图知识!
The 14tht Enlightening Lecture of the 21st China Medical Team to Zambia
----The Third Lecture On Photography
We have had two lectures on photography before, and got some general idea about the techniques, but still lack the knowledge on the composition of pictures. In order to improve our level on photography, and better record our work and life in Zambia, on the night of April 17th, 2019, we have invited the Editor-in-Chief from Zhengzhou TV Station, photographer Liu Yuping, to give us a lecture on the composition of photography.

      刘老师为大家简要介绍了一些摄影基本知识后直奔主题,结合大量的摄影作品为大家详细的介绍了摄影的构图技巧,如找到兴趣点,注意留白,前景、主体和背景的比例等。但刘老师反复强调构图只是图片的形,而内容才图片的神,只有内容与构图完美的结合起来,图片才能神形兼备,才能活起来。
After briefly introducing some basic knowledge on photography, Mr. Liu directs the topic to the skill of composition when taking a picture with abundant of his photographic works. He mentions key spots foreground, subject, and proportion of the background, etc. He also emphasizes composition is only the form of a photo, while content is what gives a photo its life. Only by combining composition with its content, can we truly make a lively and vivid picture.
      刘老师还和大家分享了很多他拍摄的改革开放初期的图片:国棉厂、无轨电车、青少年宫、晨练的纺织女工、树下读书的红领巾…… 一张张黑白照片一下子把队员们拉回到了童年时代!是呀,这些老照片是一个时代的印记,更是一代人的回忆啊!
       刘老师的讲座不但让队员们学会了构图知识,可以拍出形神兼备的照片记录我们的援赞工作和生活,也让我们明白了一个道理,今天我们拍的照片,也将成为老照片、成为我们的回忆。畅想再过20年,我们来相聚,看着这些老照片,回忆着我们的援赞经历,心中应该充满骄傲和自豪吧。
Later, Mr. Liu shares with us a lot of pictures he had taken during the early stage of Reform and Opening Up: Cotton Mills, the old trolleybus, Youth Palace, textile workers doing morning exercise, young pioneer reading under the tree... All those black-and-white photos have brought us back to our childhood again! The photos are the evidence of an era, and memory of a generation.
Through this lecture, we have learned how to compose when taking a picture, so we can take beautiful photos to keep alive our work and life in Zambia, and also we learn something else, and that is, the pictures we take today, are going to be old photos tomorrow, and bittersweet memories of us. 20 years from now, we will be together again, looking at these old photos, remembering our precious experience in Zambia, and we should be full of pride.

文字编辑:贾超
摄影编辑:陈明勋
英文编辑:耿文斐
责任编辑:孙红山
主编:马超、赵州凤
审阅:兰维娜、苏桂显
Chinese Editor: Jia Chao 
Photo Editor: Chen Mingxun 
English Editor: Geng Wenfei 
Exclusive Editor: Sun Hongshan 
Chief Editor: Ma Chao, Zhao Zhoufeng 
Reviewer: Lan Weina, Su Xiangui

 


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