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肯尼亚特大交通事故背后的真相

来源:非洲华侨周报 作者:admin 人气: 发布时间:2018-01-10
摘要:凌晨2点40分,这辆车的前部开始冒烟,车上一股汽油味。没过一会儿,车就开始不受司机的控制,歪歪扭扭的,就在这时撞上了迎面而来的卡车。
事故现场
 “凌晨2点40分,这辆车的前部开始冒烟,车上一股汽油味。没过一会儿,车就开始不受司机的控制,歪歪扭扭的,就在这时撞上了迎面而来的卡车。” 幸存者菲比•阿科朗女士强忍泪水回忆说。
在刚刚过去的2017年12月31日,一辆开往内罗毕的大巴车在纳库鲁-埃尔多雷特公路上与一辆卡车相撞,造成至少36人死亡。卡车司机、装载工和大巴车上的28名乘客共30人在事故发生后当场死亡。另有6人在莫洛郡立医院和纳库鲁五级医院接受治疗时死亡。遇难者中包括1名两个月大的婴儿和多名儿童。事故还造成多人重伤。
 
志愿者搀扶着交通事故中的幸存者
阿科朗女士本打算和她的丈夫在开学前带着三个孩子赶回首都内罗毕,但这场车祸夺走了丈夫和三个孩子的生命。
她回忆说,大巴车司机一直在超速行驶,乘客们坚持让他减速,他却没有理会。
另一位幸存者欧沃先生说,大巴车从一开始就似乎出了毛病。在事故发生前约30分钟,车就被交警在一个路障处拦了下来。警察询问大巴车司机为什么车身一直在摇晃?司机说是刚才撞上了颠簸的东西,并坚持说大巴车没有问题。
大巴车上的乘客凯文·奥蒙迪先生说,似乎司机知道他的车出了毛病,奥蒙迪和两个表兄妹一直要求司机停车修理,然后再继续赶路,但司机没有理睬他们的请求。
幸存者克帕旺加也表示,这辆巴士在Total加油站路口开始颠簸。他说,他的头撞在车顶上,醒来后发现乘客要求司机停车,但司机没有理会他们的请求。 在他们撞上卡车之前,司机设法避免撞上公路上的其他车辆,但在萨尚湾陡坡时大巴车完全失去了控制。

事故现场
交通执法官员阿罗姆说,超速大巴车与卡车迎面相撞,当时大巴车正行驶在错误的车道上。事故发生时,这辆巴士上有46名乘客。伤者被紧急送往莫洛县立医院和纳库鲁五级医院。遇难人员的遗体被送往纳库鲁郡的太平间。肯尼亚红十字会的志愿者们在纳库鲁五级医院的伤员科设立了一个追踪台,以帮助亲朋好友找到他们的亲人。
受伤的大巴车乘客被送往医院抢救
据肯尼亚《民族日报》报道,事故发生后国家交通安全局对长途汽车发布了一条声明。声明规定长途客运服务车辆的行驶时间为早上6点到晚上7点之间,夜间禁止行驶。此后,全国各地发生交通堵塞,数百名旅客被困在长途汽车站。
旅客滞留在长途汽车站
2018年1月1日,国家交通安全局总干事弗朗西斯·梅贾(Francis Meja)为夜间行车禁令辩护,称其“考虑周全,尽管它给旅行者和客运公司带来了诸多不便,但是这个决定是经过仔细考虑和讨论,为了公众利益和安全而做出的。”

此次事故令人十分痛心,超速、车况糟糕、深夜行车、执法不严等酿成了此次事故,给遇难者家人精神上造成了严重的创伤。肯尼亚各方再次反省如何提升道路安全。肯政府正在积极采取行动,加大力度打击接受贿赂放行存在安全隐患车辆的警察和安全管理局。肯尼亚媒体表示,不能被忽视一个事实是,司机在很大程度上造成了事故的发生,他们忽视道路标记和标志、超速和超载、车辆维修欠佳。希望这次事故给司机敲响警钟。

肯尼亚,乃至非洲多地,在节假日期间交通事故频发。真诚呼吁读者安全驾驶,注意道路交通安全。当我们说“新年快乐”时,也要对交通事故说“不”。

往期交通事故回顾

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At least 36 dead, 18 hurt after bus collides with truck at Migaa
SUNDAY DECEMBER 31 2017
 
At least 36 people have been confirmed dead after a Nairobi-bound bus collided with a truck at Migaa along the Nakuru-Eldoret highway.
Among the dead include the driver of the truck and his loader while 28 bodies were retrieved from the ill-fated bus.
The truck was heading to Eldoret.
Thirty people were confirmed dead at the scene while another four succumbed to injuries while receiving treatment at the Nakuru Level Five Hospital.
Among the four who died in hospital were three children aged two months, two years and 10 years and one adult aged 35years.
Two more victims of the crash also died while undergoing treatment at the Molo Sub-County Hospital, according to Mr Dominic Mburu, the hospital's adminstrator.
Several other people were seriously injured in the crash which occurred at around 3.30am Sunday.
 
The truck which collided with a bus at Migaa on December 31, 2017. Both its driver and loader died in the crash. PHOTO | FRANCIS MUREITHI | NATION MEDIA GROUP
Confirming the incident, Rift Valley Traffic Enforcement Officer Zero Arome said the speeding bus which was travelling from Busia was being driven on the wrong lane when it collided with the truck head on.
Mr Arome confirmed that the bus was carrying 46 passengers at the time the crash happened.
The injured people were rushed to Molo Sub-County Hospital and the Nakuru Level Five Hospital.
Five seriously injured victims were later transferred from the Molo hospital to Nakuru Level Five Hospital after they developed complications.
One victim is still hospitalised at the Molo hospital in critical condition.
 
The mangled wreckage of the bus which collided with a truck at Migaa killing at least 30 people on December 31, 2017. PHOTO | FRANCIS MUREITHI | NATION MEDIA GROUP
At the Nakuru Level Five Hospital, at least 22 survivors of the crash were brought in.
Seven were admitted with serious injuries on the head, chest and limbs.
 
One of the survivors of the Migaa bus crash is brought to the Nakuru Level Five Hospital for treatment on December 31, 2017. PHOTO | REITZ MUREITHI | NATION MEDIA GROUP
The Migaa incident caused a heavy gridlock along the deadly stretch with motorists being stranded for hours as police officers led by Mr Arome and Rongai OCPD Japheth Kioko and deputy traffic base commander, Inspector Muniku, coordinated the rescue efforts at the scene.
The bodies were taken to Nakuru County mortuary.
 

Migaa crash bus was faulty and was speeding, survivors say

MONDAY JANUARY 1 2018
 
 
Volunteers console a relative of one of the victims who perished at Migaa on Nakuru-Eldoret highway after a bus hit a truck on December 31, 2017. Survivors have said that the bus was speeding and seemed faulty before it crashed. 
 
Words cannot describe the pain that Ms Phoebe Achieng felt after she learnt that her husband and three children had died in the tragic road crash at Migaa in Salgaa on Sunday morning.
Ms Achieng, a survivor in the horrific crash said she could not trace one of her sons.
The mother of four boys was travelling with her family from Kisumu to Nairobi when the bus they were in rammed a truck, killing 36 people.
Her children aged two months and two years old were pronounced dead on arrival at Nakuru Level Five Hospital, while her husband and one son died on the spot.
“My family and I had travelled to my husband’s maternal home in Kisumu for the Christmas holiday. We had hoped to travel back to Nairobi on Sunday in order to prepare the children for the schools’ opening day on Tuesday,” said Ms Achieng while fighting back tears.
The family had boarded the ill-fated bus at around 9pm and had left Kisumu at 11.30pm on Saturday.

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SPEEDING
Ms Achieng said the driver of the bus had been speeding, prompting the passengers to insist that he slows down.
“At 2.40 am the vehicle started producing fumes from the front and a smell of the brake fluid filled the bus. Shortly after, the bus started meandering on the road and that was when it rammed into the oncoming truck,” recalled Ms Achieng.
As shock and confusion set in, Ms Achieng said she saw her three sons and her husband on the floor of the bus, but could not help them as she was holding the two-month old baby.
“I managed to drag myself out of the wreckage with the baby who was still alive at the time, but covered in blood. It was when we arrived at the hospital that I learnt I had lost the rest of my family,” she said.
SURVIVORS
According to Ms Teresia Mungai, a nursing officer at Nakuru Level Five Hospital, twenty eight survivors were received at the hospital.
Out of the twenty eight, twenty three people were admitted with serious injuries on the head, chest and limbs.
“Three children aged two months, two years and ten years were pronounced dead on arrival while one man died while receiving treatment at the ward. One man was discharged,” said Ms Mungai.
Another survivor, Mr George Owuor, said the bus had appeared to be faulty from the beginning of the journey.
FLAGGED DOWN
Mr Owuor, who was sitting behind the driver, said traffic police officers had flagged down the vehicle at a road block, about thirty minutes before the crash occurred.
“The police officer asked the driver why the vehicle was swaying on the road but the driver said he had just hit a bump and insisted that the vehicle was in a good condition,” he said.
Mr Owuor had travelled to Kisumu with his brother to attend a friend’s burial ceremony.
While agreeing with his sentiments, Mr Kevin Omondi, a passenger in the bus, said it appeared the driver was aware that his vehicle was faulty as he avoided accelerating.
“My two cousins and I kept asking him to stop the vehicle and fix it before proceeding with the journey but the driver ignored our pleas,” a distraught Mr Omondi said.
ALLOWED TO PROCEED
He said he was happy when the traffic officer stopped the vehicle, but his relief was short-lived as the police officer allowed the bus to continue with its journey.
“If the officer could have stood his ground and forced us to alight from the bus, that accident could not have happened,” he said.
Mr Kepha Wanga, who was lucky to come out of the wreckage alive, said the bus started hitting bumps at the Total junction but completely lost control from the General Service Unit camp from Sachangwan to the scene of the accident.
He said he bumped his head on the roof of the bus and on waking up found the passengers asking the driver to stop the vehicle, but the driver ignored their pleas.
LOST CONTROL
“Before we rammed into the truck, the driver had managed to avoid hitting other vehicles on the highway but lost control as we manoeuvred the steep descent from Sachangwan,” said Mr Wanga.
At the same time, 10-year-old Agnes Achieng found herself stranded at the hospital after she was separated from her father after the crash.
Achieng said her father, Simeon Oyaya, was a preacher and that she had accompanied him to a church mission in Nyakach, Kisumu County.
“My father had told me to sleep in the bus and when I woke up in the hospital I could not find him,” said a shocked Achieng.
Volunteers from the Kenya Red Cross have set up a tracing desk at the Nakuru Level Five Hospital on the casualty section, to aid friends and relatives in finding their loved ones.
 
 

ousands left stranded after NTSA bans night travel

TUESDAY JANUARY 2 2018
 
 
Travellers who were destined for Nairobi from Eldoret town ponder their next move at Eldoret Crossroad Sacco on January 1, 2018. PHOTO | JARED NYATAYA | NATION MEDIA GROUP 
 Hundreds of travellers were on Monday stranded as a transport hitch hit various parts of the country following Sunday’s ban on night bus travel by the National Transport and Safety Authority.
Bus companies and urban businesses — the latter which rely heavily on the labour stranded upcountry after the year-ender festivities — were left counting heavy losses as the shock directive took effect.
In various towns across the country, travellers who had made advance bookings were forced to spend cold nights inside stationary buses. Others were forced to return home and wait for the rush to ebb. Parents and students rushing back to school for the new term, which begins today, were the most affected.
The NTSA, whose decision has been termed as a futile and needlessly punitive knee-jerk reaction, said the ban, which restricts long-distance passenger service vehicles to travel between 6am and 7pm, was in response to the rising number of road accidents at night.
SAFETY
On Monday, NTSA director-general Francis Meja defended the ban as “well thought-out despite the inconveniences it had caused travellers and bus companies”.

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· Travellers stranded after NTSA night travel ban
“The decision was arrived at after careful consideration and discussions for public good and safety,” Mr Meja said in a statement.
But passenger service operators criticised the ban as retrogressive and ill-advised. Matatu Welfare Association (MWA) chairman Dickson Mbugua said it was a poorly thought-out unilateral decision that has no place in the 21st century.
“We are surprised that the agency could stoop that low,” said Mr Mbugua. “We think this is a unilateral decision that has no board blessings. Many PSV owners are struggling to repay their loans after a year distorted by politics, which has been costly to the business community. And how will those preparing to go back to school or places of work cope?”
The ban caused a major transport hitch in Western Kenya as hundreds of passengers spent the second day in the cold at bus stations.
In Kisumu, the town’s main bus park, which is usually crowded, had fewer vehicles by midday as most operators left early in the morning to beat the evening deadline by NTSA. The same happened in Kakamega town.
HIGHER FARES
Following the shortage of PSV vehicles, passengers paid significantly higher fares for the few available vehicles. For the 350 kilometres between Kisumu and Nairobi, buses charged between Sh2,000 and Sh2,800, up from the usual Sh1,000 to Sh1,500. Those doing the 800 kilometres to Mombasa paid Sh3,500, up from an average of Sh2,000.
Mr Milton Otieno, a father of three students in Nairobi, said he was not sure whether their journey to Nairobi would take off as the bus scheduled to ferry them had not arrived at the Kisumu station by 2pm Monday.

Stranded passengers at Trans line Classic stage in Kisii County wait for vehicles to take them back to the city on January 1, 2018. Many were affected by the night travel ban by the NTSA. PHOTO | BENSON MOMANYI | NATION MEDIA GROUP
“We are stranded,” he said. “It is already past noon, which means we will have to wait until tomorrow morning to try our chances again.”
The Nation also established that buses bound for Mombasa from Kisumu are now spending the nights in Nairobi, Molo, Nakuru or Voi before resuming their journeys during the day.
At the OTC station in Nairobi, bus drivers and commuters told the Nation of a mad rush to beat the 7pm deadline on the road.
SPEEDING
Mr Dominic Seme, who said he is a driver, said the ban could also be counter-productive as some drivers were speeding during the day to make round trips and cash in on the travel frenzy.
Ms Anne Moraa, a food vendor at the station, said customer traffic had significantly reduced as most bus drivers are unavailable.
In the North Rift, most PSV operators suspended transport operations as early as midday to avoid penalties by the state agency. In Eldoret, they took advantage of the ban to hike fare, with charges to Nakuru rising to Sh800, up from Sh300, sparking off protests from the public. A North Rift Sacco attendant said they would close their offices by late afternoon.
For some saccos, like North Rift Shuttles, bookings were exhausted early in the day, forcing passengers to look for other alternatives.
“We might be forced to stay much longer since most vehicles have been booked for the next three days due to the restricted travel limits,” said Ms Mary Mungai, a traveller.
West Pokot governor John Lonyangapuo and senator Samuel Poghisio asked the government to expand roads as a long-term solution to ease traffic jams and reduce accidents.
“Some of these roads have not been expanded for a long time yet the number of vehicle keeps on increasing,” said Prof Lonyangapuo.
PERISHABLE GOODS
In Nakuru, businesses dealing in perishable goods incurred heavy losses as a result of the ban as some of them transport their wares at night using PSVs. Mr Canan Mwangi said he incurred a loss of Sh10,000 after his cabbages decayed on the way from Bungoma to Nairobi after an overnight stop-over in Nakuru.
Ms Martha Njeri, who transports tomatoes from her farm in Eldoret to Matuu, lost Sh15,000-worth of produce too.
“I could not unpack the tomatoes as I had already sent them to the bus station, where they stayed overnight,” she said.
Bus companies and stranded passengers in Mombasa asked the NTSA to shift the ban to long-distance trucks, which they said are to be blame for the frequent accidents that have claimed more than 200 lives in the past month alone.  
“Hundreds of passengers had to spend the night at Mariakani,” said Coast Bus director Adil Ijaz. “Does this make sense?
KNEE-JERK ACTION
‘‘How do you let passengers leave Mombasa only to go and sleep at Mariakani? Other passengers from Malaba had to sleep in Kericho!”
Senate minority leader Moses Wetang’ula, in a tweet, called for disbandment of the authority. “NTSA must be disbanded,” he posted. “You can’t run a 24-hour economy by curtailing workers’ travel. The world is on the move.”
His counterpart in the National Assembly, Mr John Mbadi, also dismissed the night travel ban as a knee-jerk reaction that will not address the challenges on  Kenyan roads in the last few months.
“The ban is not a solution. It is more of an emotional outburst that worsens the situation,” Mr Mbadi told the Nation, noting that what is needed is an honest enforcement agency that will implement traffic rules to the letter and spirit of the law.
“The law exists, and what is required is the will to enforce it. NTSA must ensure that drivers are not intoxicated or overworked. But this is not possible because our enforcement system has collapsed.”
 Reporting by Victor Otieno, Winnie Atieno, Silas Apollo, Brenda Gamonde, Oscar Kakai, Linet Amuli  Stella Cherono, Collins Omulo and Ibrahim Oruko.
 
责任编辑:刘娅婷

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